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About PCM


About Malaysian Paralympic Council (MPC)
History of Sport for Persons with a Disability

While sport has value in everyone's life, it is even more important in the life of a person with a disability. This is because of the rehabilitative influence sport can have not only on the physical body but also on rehabilitating people with a disability into society. Furthermore, sport teaches independence. Nowadays, people with a disability participate in high performance as well as in competitive and recreational sport.

Sport for athletes with a disability has existed for more than 100 years. In the 18th and 19th centuries, contributions were made which proved that sport activities were very important for the re-education and rehabilitation of persons with a disability. After World War I, physiotherapy and sports medicine became as important as orthopaedic and internal surgery.

Sport for people with a physical disability was introduced after World War ll, to assist the medical and psychological needs of the large number of injured ex-servicemen, -women and civilians. In researching new methods to minimize the consequences of their immobility, it provided a new and great possibility for reviving the idea of sport as a means of treatment and rehabilitation.

In 1944 Dr. Ludwig Guttmann, at the request of the British Government, opened a spinal injuries centre at the Stoke Mandeville Hospital. A new approach introduced sport as a paramount part of the remedial treatment and total rehabilitation of persons with a disability. Rehabilitation sport evolved rather quickly to recreational sport and the next step to competitive sport was only a matter of some years.

On 28 July 1948, the day of the Opening Ceremony of the 1948 Olympic Games in London, Dr. Guttmann organized the first competition for wheelchair athletes which he named the Stoke Mandeville Games. In 1952, Dutch ex-servicemen joined the movement and the International Stoke Mandeville Games Committee (ISMGF) was founded. In 1960 the first Paralympic Games were held directly following the Olympic Games in Rome, Italy. The event used the same venues and format as the Olympic event and included 400 athletes from 23 countries. This event was to continue in this manner every four years following the Olympic cycle. A number of different disability groups were merged in competition in 1976 and in the same year the first Paralympic Winter Games took place.

Also in 1960, under the aegis of the World Federation for Ex-servicemen, an International Working Group on Sport for the Disabled was set up to study the problems of sport for persons with a disability. It resulted in the creation, in 1964, of an international sport federation called ISOD: International Sport Organization for the Disabled. ISOD offered opportunities for those athletes who could not affiliate to ISMGF: visual impaired, amputees, persons with cerebral palsy and paraplegics. At the start, 16 countries were affiliated to ISOD and the organization pushed very hard to include blind and amputee athletes into the 1976 Paralympics in Toronto and persons with cerebral palsy in 1980 in Arnhem. Its aim was to embrace all disabilities in the future and to act as a Co-ordinating Committee. Nevertheless, other disability-orientated international organizations such as CPISRA and IBSA were founded in 1978 and 1980.

The four international organizations experienced the need of coordinating the Games. So they created the "International Co-ordinating Committee Sports for the Disabled in the World" (ICC) in 1982. The ICC was originally composed of the four presidents of CPISRA, IBSA, ISMGF and ISOD, the general secretaries and one additional member (in the beginning it was the Vice-President, and later on the Technical Officer). CISS and INAS-FMH joined in 1986, but the deaf still maintained their own organization. However, the member nations demanded more national and regional representation in the organization. This finally led to the foundation of a new, democratically organized institution, the International Paralympic Committee (IPC).

History of the Malaysian Paralympic Council

The National Paralympic Committee of Malaysia or Malaysian Paralympic Council was recognized as one the national organizations by IPC.

In early 1970, the late Founder of Persatuan Orang-Orang Cacat Anggota Malaysia, Mr. H.R. M. Storey sent a team of Malaysian athletes to participate the games in the Stoke Mandeville. Since then, the late Mr. H.R.M. Storey, Y.Bhg Dato’ Zainal Abu Zarin, Mr. Kassim Abd Rahman and Mr. Radha Krishnan initiated the formation of the ‘Majlis Sukan Orang Cacat Malaysia’ and duly registered it with Registrar of Societies on 18 May 1989, with the aim of promoting sports for disabled persons within Malaysia and providing opportunities to all Malaysian athletes to participate in games at the Asian and International levels as well as to conduct leadership training among persons with disabilities. In 1996, the Majlis Sukan Orang Cacat Malaysia was renamed as Malaysian Paralympic Council [MPC] (also known as “Majlis Paralimpik Malaysia”) and MPC eventually was recognized by the Government as a sole National Sports Body for the Disabled.

The Malaysian Paralympic Council (MPC), the nation’s governing sports body for the disabled, as a non-profit organization responsible for promoting and enhancing disabled sports to maintain a healthy and active lifestyle among the disabled.

The MPC is affiliated with both the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) based in Bonn, Germany, Asian Paralmpic Committee (APC) and Asean Para Sports Federation. It is fully supported by the Ministry of Youth and Sports, Malaysia and Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development and

The MPC now caters for categories of disabilities:

  • The blind
  • The deaf
  • Amputees
  • Mentally handicapped
  • Spastics
  • And dwarfs

Chronology of Establishment
1981 : Announcement of the International Year of Disabled Persons
1981 : MCR organized the Disabled Persons Championships in Kuala Lumpur with the support of the Social Welfare Department
1982 : MCR joins FESPIC Federation
1986 : The formation of Malaysian Disabled Sports Council (MDSC) protern commitee by Dato’ Zainal Abu Zarin
1987 : The ICC Disabled Sports Leadership Workshop for Asia-Pacific in Kuala Lumpur
1989 : The Malaysian Registrar of Society approved formation of Malaysian Disabled Sports Council
1992 : Development programme for disabled sports was put under the charge of Ministry of Integration and Community
1992 : National Welfare Foundation announced Cash Incentive Scheme for Disabled Athletes
1996 : MDSC affiliated to FESPIC Federation
1996 : MDSC is known as Malaysian Paralympic Council (MPC) after approval by the International Paralympic Committee
1998 : MPC moved to new headquarters in Brickfields Kuala Lumpur
2001 : IPC Strategic Planning Congress in Kuala Lumpur
2001 : MPC organised 1st ASEAN Para Games
2002 : Ministry of Youth and Sports took over development of disabled sports from Ministryof Integration and Community
2004 : Ministry of Youth and Sports formed Paralympic division in ministry
2006 : National elite paralympic athletes absorbed under the charge of the National Sports Council (NSC)
2006 : MPC organised KL06 FESPIC Games
2008 : NSC launched Cash Incentive Scheme for Paralympic athletes
May 2009 : MPC's 20th Anniversary
Aug 2009 : MPC organised 5th ASEAN Para Games
Nov 2009 : MPC hosted IPC General Assembly & Conference, Kuala Lumpur
MPC OBJECTIVES

The primary objectives of the MPC include:

1. Organizing and promoting various sports events and recreation activities for the disabled throughout Malaysia
2. Developing the awareness among disabled people that sports promote a healthy, active lifestyle and build self-esteem
3. Fostering close relationships and mutual understanding between the disabled and the general community by extensively promoting disabled sporting events.
4. Continuing to develop the 20 Paralympic sports events, establishing the State Sports and recreation Council for the Disabled (PESRON)
MPC PARTICIPATION INTERNATIONAL EVENTS

PARALYMPIC GAMES

1988 Seoul 1988 Paralympic Games Korea
1992 Barcelona 1992 Paralympic Games Spain
1996 Atlanta 1996 Paralympic Games USA
2000 Sydney 2000 Paralympic Games Australia
2004 Athens 2004 Paralympic Games Greece
2008 Beijing 2008 Paralympic Games China
2012 London 2012 Paralympic Games United Kingdom

FESPIC GAMES

1982 3rd FESPIC Games Shatin, Hong Kong
1986 4th FESPIC Games Surakata, Indonesia
1989 5th FESPIC Games Korea, Japan
1994 6th FESPIC Games Beijing, China
1999 7th FESPIC Games Bangkok, Thailand
2002 8th FESPIC Games Busan, Korea
2006 9th FESPIC Games Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

ASIAN PARA GAMES

2010 Guangzhou 2010 Asian Para Games China
2014 Incheon 2014 Asian Para Games Korea

COMMENWEALTH GAMES

2002 16th COMMENWEALTH GAMES Manchester, England
2006 17th COMMENWEALTH GAMES Melbourne, Australia
2010 18th COMMENWEALTH GAMES New Delhi, India

ASEAN PARA GAMES

2001 1st ASEAN PARA GAMES Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2003 2nd ASEAN PARA GAMES Hanoi, Vietnam
2005 3rd ASEAN PARA GAMES Manila, Philippines
2007 4th ASEAN PARA GAMES Korat, Thailand
2009 5th ASEAN PARA GAMES Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2011 6th ASEAN PARA GAMES Solo, Indonesia


 


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